The objective of the programme is to facilitate a fuelswitch from the use of fossil fuels to produce thermal energy, such as heat and steam, to the use of renewable biomass. A fuelswitch project could be implemented across various industrial and energy applications which produce thermal energy. Switching from the use of fossil fuels to using renewable biomass will have the effect of reducing CO2 emissions associated with the combustion of fossil fuels. This will contribute towards achieving South Africa’s emission reduction targets and the low-carbon development of the Zimbabwean economy.
Developed Under the CDM as a Programme of Activities
The programmes are developed under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that stimulates sustainable development and emission reductions via the creation of tradable carbon credits. The programme will involve independent project activities (CPAs) located in the Host Countries of South Africa and Zimbabwe and will focus on the implementation of fuelswitches at industrial facilities which produce thermal energy for operational processes or energy requirements.
The nature of a CDM Programme of Activities (PoA) allows many project developers to collaborate in order to advance the availability of a certain technology and encourage its use within the Host Country. The costs of accessing the carbon markets are then substantially reduced and the viability of small to micro scale mitigation activities is improved.
The programme allows entities who wish to implement renewable biomass fuelswitch technology to access the international carbon markets in a cost effective manner. Through this mechanism those entities are able to claim carbon credits for emissions that were avoided through the displacement of fossil fuel use. These credits are in demand in the European Union and other developed nations, and the trading of these credits can be used to help fund the implementation of the fuelswitch project.
What is the role of Coordination and Management Entity?
The coordination and management entity (CME) is responsible for ensuring that all the requirements of the CDM are met and that emission reduction activities are appropriately monitored and verified. The Fuelswitch for Thermal Energy Production Programme CME is operated by EcoMetrix Africa and assists project developers to enrol in the programme, fulfil the CDM requirements, monitor emission reductions and commercialise their carbon credits.
CDM Project Activities
The first CDM Project Activity (CPA) to be included under the PoA will be implemented by Impala Platinum and will be located just outside of Rustenburg at the site of Impala Platinum – Rustenburg Operations. The project involves switching from coal use to renewable processed biomass use in one of the dryers producing heat for the smelting process. The switch from a fossil fuel source (coal) to a carbon neutral fuel source (renewable biomass) will reduce the CO2 emissions associated with the smelting process.
For any further information on the Fuelswitch Programme or the Implats CPA, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org